Evaluation and Simulation of Performance, Environmental and Economic Aspects of 1MW Photovoltaic Powerplant and Comparison with an Operational Powerplant

Document Type : Research Paper


1 M.Sc. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran, Aerospace and Energy Conversion Research Center University, Najafabad, Iran


In the current study, an operational method for feasibility study of a
photovoltaic powerplant connected to the grid with total capacity of 1MW
provide. This method first uses the geographical conditions of the
powerplant’s location to determine the arrangement for photovoltaic
arrays with the conditions of minimized space use and suitable distance
between photovoltaic strings to facilitate maintenance and repair and
preventing modules from casting shadows on each other. The innovation
of the current article is using the empirical data to compare the simulated
powerplant and an actual powerplant from economic, performance and
environmental pollutant aspects. The error analysis between the actual
powerplant and simulated model is used to determine the accuracy of the
simulation results. Furthermore, the amount of CO2 emission reduction
due to the construction of this powerplant is investigated. The results
indicated the importance of the geographical location and indicated which
locations in Iran provide the highest efficiency for construction of
photovoltaic powerplants. Furthermore, the other innovation is to
determine the number of residential apartment units whose electricity was
provided by this powerplant.


Main Subjects

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