Influence of Biodiesel from Egyptian Used Cooking Oils on Performance and Emissions of Diesel Engine

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Autimotive Department. Faculty of Engineering. Minia University. Egypt

2 2 Department of Automotive Technology, Faculty of Industrial Education, Helwan University, Egypt.

3 Department of Automotive Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Egypt.


Due to diminishing petroleum reserves and the environmental negative effects of exhaust gases from diesel engines, alternative fuels for diesel engines are becoming increasingly important Egyptian waste cooking oils have special specifications because it expose to high temperatures during use for long hours. In the present experimental study, the performance and emissions of a four strokes, single cylinder, air cooled diesel engine fuelled with two different biodiesel from Egyptian used cooking oil (palm and sunflower) are evaluated at different speeds. The measured performance parameters include torque, fuel consumption and exhaust gas temperature. Brake power, brake specific fuel consumption and brake thermal efficiency was calculated using the measured test data The emission parameters include carbon monoxide, particulate matter and the oxides of nitrogen. The tests have been carried out with different blends of B5 to B100 of biodiesel with diesel fuel. The results showed that the engine performance with the palm biodiesel blend B5 is closed to diesel fuel also, for B5 CO emission decreased from 53 to 70% while NOx emission decreased from 13 to 80% compared to diesel fuel.


Main Subjects

[1] Emad, A. S., and Nour, S. E., "Two Steps Alkaline Transesterification of Waste Cooking Oil and Quality Assessment of Produced Biodiesel", International Journal of Chemical and Biochemical Sciences, IJCBS, 1, pp. 30-35, (2012).
[2] Refaat, A. A., Attia, N. K., Sibak, H. A., El Sheltawy, S. T., and ElDiwani, G., "Production Optimization and Quality Assessment of Biodiesel from Waste Vegetable Oil, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 75-82, (2008).
[3] Dong, Z., Wang, T., Gu, F., Tran, V. T., and Ball, A. D., "Combustion Analysis of a CI Engine with Biodiesel Blends Based on Vibro-acoustic Measurement", The Ninth International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Machinery Failure Prevention Technologies, 12th -14th June, London, UK, (2012).
[4] Mohammed, F. S., and Sudhakar, U., "Noise and Vibration Analysis of Diesel Engine using Diesel and Jatropha Biodiesel", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), Vol. 12, No. 5, (2014).
[5] Abdel fatah, M., Farag, H. A., and Ossman, M.E., "Production of Biodiesel from Non-Edible Oil and Effect of Blending with Diesel on Fuel Properties", Engineering Science and Technology: An International Journal, ISSN: 2250-3498, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. August (2012).
[6] Baik, D. S., and Lee, S. W., "Application of Biodiesel Fuels in Diesel Engine", Advanced Science and Technology Letters, Vol. 33, pp. 24-28, (2013).
[7] Nada, E. M., and ElSolh, "The Manufacture of Biodiesel from the used Vegetable Oil", M.Sc Thesis, Departments of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, Degree Program: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency for the Middle East North Africa Region- Cooperation between Kassel and Cairo Universities, Kassel, (2011).
[8] Parmjit, S., Sandeep, K. D., and Amanpreet, S., "Optimization of Biodiesel from Argemone Oil with Different Reaction Parameters and Performance Analysis in CI Engine", IJRET. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, Vol. 04, Issue. 04, (2015).
 [9] Srinidhi, C., Channapattana, S. V., Hole, J. A., Pawar, A. A., and Kamble, P. G., "Investigation on Performance and Emission Characteristics of C.I. Engine Fuelled with Honne Oil Methyl Ester", International Journal of Engineering Science Invention, Vol. 3, Issue. 5, pp. 59-66, (2014).
[10] Adaileh, W. M., and AlQdah, K. S., "Performance of Diesel Engine Fuelled by a Biodiesel Extracted from a Waste Cocking Oil", Sciencedirect, Energy Procedia, Vol. 18, pp. 1317 – 1334, (2012).
[11] Srinivas, K., Ramakrishna, N., Naik, B. B., and Radha, K. K., "Performance and Emission Analysis of Waste Vegetable Oil and it’s Blends with Diesel and Additive", Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 3, Issue. 6,  pp. 473-478, (2013).
[12] Zhang, Y., Dub, M. A., McLean, D. D., and Kates, K., "Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil", 1. Process Design and Technological Assessment, Bioresource Technology, Vol.  89, pp. 1–16, (2003).
[13] Tirkey, J. V., Singh, A. K., and Shukla, S. K., "Performance and Emission Characteristics of CI Engine Operated with Waste Cooking Oil Methyl-Ester and Diesel Blends, International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), Vol. 5, Issue. , (2015).
[14] Dwivedi, G., Jain, S., and Sharma, M. P., "Diesel Engine Performance and Emission Analysis using Biodiesel from Various Oil Sources – Review", J. Mater. Environ. Sci., Vol. 4 No. 4, pp. 434-447, (2013).
[15] Sherwani, A. F., Sharma, A., and Yadav, A. K., "Comparative Analysis of Performance and Emission Parameters of A C.I. Engine Fuelled with Different Blends of Biodiesel Derived from Mahua Oil and Waste Cooking Oil", International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue. 9, (2013).
[16] Pattanaik, B. P., Nanda, B. K., and Bose, P. K., "Performance & Emission Studies on a Single Cylinder di Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel & Rice Bran Oil Methyl Ester Blends", International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, Vol. 3, Issue. 1, pp. 505-513, (2012).
[17] Gada, M. S., El-Bazb, F. K., and El. Kinawyc, O. S., "Performance of Diesel Engines Burning used Cooking Oil (UCO) Biodiesel", International Journal of Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering IJMME-IJENS, Vol. 15, No. 03 7, (2015).
[18] Enweremadua, C. C., Mustaphab, O. T., and Ruttoc, H. L., "Comparative Studies on the Performance Characteristics of Biodiesel from Fresh and used Canola Cooking Oil", International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 5, pp. (2014).
[19] Chaichan, M. T., "Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Sunflowers-based Biodiesel Fuels", International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Vol. 6, Issue. 4, pp. (2015).
[20] How, H. G., Masjuki, H. H., Kalam, M. A., and Teoh, Y. H., "An Investigation of the Engine Performance, Emissions and Combustion Characteristics of Coconut Biodiesel in a High-pressure Common-rail Diesel Engine", Energy, Vol. 69, pp. 749-759,(2014).
 [21] Katkur, S. V., and Pawar, A. A., "Performance, Emission Analysis of Diesel Engine by Mixing of Two Biodiesels Blended with Diesel as Alternative Fuel, International Engineering Research Journal (IERJ), Vol. 1, Issue. 7, pp. 533-538, (2015).
[22] Osawa, W. O., Sahoo, P. K., Onyari, J. M., and Mulaa, F. J., "Experimental Investigation on Performance, Emission and Combustion Characteristics of Croton Megalocarpus Biodiesel Blends in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine", International Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, (2015).
[23] Chaichan, M. T., and Ahmed, S. T., "Evaluation of Performance and Emissions Characteristics for Compression Ignition Engine Operated with Disposal Yellow Grease", the International Journal of Engineering and Science (IJES), Vol. 2, Issue. 2, pp. 111-122, (2013).
[24] Al-Osaimy, A. S., and Mohamed, H. A., "Performance and Emissions of Diesel Engine using Bio-diesel Blends Fuel", International Journal of Control, Automation and Systems, Vol. 4, No.2, pp. (2015).
[25] Strong, C., Erickson, C., and Shukla, D., "Evaluation of Biodiesel Fuel: Literature Review", Montana Department of Transportation, Research Section, 2701 Prospect Avenue, Helena, MT 59620-10010, (2004).
[26] Xuea, J., Grift, T. E., and Hansen, A. C., "Effect of Biodiesel on Engine Performance and Emissions", Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 15, pp. 1098–1116, (2011).
[27] Thirumal, B. J., Gunasekaran, E. J., and Saravanan, C. G., "Performance and Emission Analysis of Bio Diesel Fuelled Engine with Selective Catalyst Reduction (SCR)", International Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 3, No. 2, (2013).